By A. F. L. Beeston, T. M. Johnstone, R. B. Serjeant, G. R. Smith
Initially released in 1983, The Cambridge heritage of Arabic Literature used to be the 1st normal survey of the sphere to were released in English for over fifty years and the 1st tried in such element in a multi-volume shape. The volumes of the background supply a useful resource of reference and realizing of the highbrow, literary and spiritual background of the Arabic-speaking and Islamic global. This quantity starts its assurance with the oral verse of the 6th century advert, and ends with the autumn of the Umayyad dynasty centuries later. inside this era fall significant occasions: the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad, the founding of the Islamic faith, the nice Arab Islamic conquests of territories open air the Arabian Peninsula, and their assembly, as overlords, with the Byzantine and Sasanian global. members to this quantity talk about an array of themes together with the impacts of Greeks, Persians and Syrians on early Arabic literature.
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Extra resources for Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period (The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature)
This again can be disconcerting to the reader, though it causes no difficulty for the hearer. The medieval warrdq^ like his European counterpart the "stationer", was much more important in the role of bookseller than in that of seller of blank paper. He purveyed manuscripts copied by professional scribes, who worked in parallel with scholars copying works for their own use, or by commission for a wealthy patron. Before the advent of printing, Arabic books were never made up by the printer's technique of folding a large sheet twice or four or six times to make a quarto, octavo or duodecimo.
21 Sukkarl, Sharh, 11, 846. , 1, 462. 34 PRE-ISLAMIC POETRY of it, second in rank, by Abu 'l-'Ala' al-Ma'arrl. This reservation is important, for rajas^ like the shanty, was mainly employed as a companion to repetitive work, as may perhaps be indicated by the etymological sense of the word. 24 The Qur'an is not verse, but it is rhythmic. The rhythm of some verses resembles the regularity of saj\ and both are rhymed, while some verses have a similarity to raja% in its vigour and rapidity. 25 The rhythmic deviation by which it departs from saj\ raja% and verse eludes all probing because it is a fundamental tenet of Islam that the Qur'an is by nature miraculous.
2 The flute and the tambourine seem to have been their chief instruments of music. Their wild desert life was controlled by an overwhelming awareness of concepts of renown and prestige. A man acted always to protect his pride, this being the foremost item of personal honour. This individualism was both enhanced and tempered by the interactions of a universally observed inter-tribal code of behaviour, based on concepts of honour (sharaf)y represented by blood-feud (thdr), jealousy (ghayrah) for their womenfolk, hospitality (karam) and succour (najdah) of the weak, including women, orphans and combatants outnumbered by their foes.
Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period (The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature) by A. F. L. Beeston, T. M. Johnstone, R. B. Serjeant, G. R. Smith