By Martin Kramer
Over the earlier decade, the political flooring underneath the center East has shifted. Arab nationalism the political orthodoxy for many of this century has misplaced its grip at the mind's eye and allegiance of a brand new new release. while, Islam as an ideology has unfold around the quarter, and "Islamists" bid to seize the guts of politics. so much Western students and specialists as soon as hailed the redemptive strength of Arabism. Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival is a severe overview of the contradictions of Arab nationalism and Islamic fundamentalism, and the misrepresentation of either within the West.
The first a part of the ebook argues that Arab nationalism--the so-called Arab awakening--bore inside it the seeds of its personal failure. Arabism as an concept drew upon overseas assets and assets. at the same time it claimed to free up the Arabs from imperialism it deepened highbrow dependence upon the West's personal romanticism and radicalism. eventually, Arab nationalism grew to become a strength of oppression instead of liberation, and a replicate picture of the imperialism it defied. Kramer's essays jointly shape the one chronological telling and the at totally documented postmortem of Arabism. the second one a part of the publication examines the same failings of Islamism, whose rules are Islamic reworkings of Western ideological radicalism. Its influence has been to provide new lifestyles to previous rationales for oppression, authoritarianism, and sectarian division.
Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival offers another view of a century of center japanese historical past. because the area strikes fitfully earlier ideology, Kramer's point of view is extra compelling than at any time within the past-in Western academe a minimum of between many within the center. This booklet may be of curiosity to sociologists, political scientists, economists, and center East specialists.
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Additional info for Arab awakening and Islamic revival : the politics of ideas in the Middle East
The failure could still be blamed on imperialism, and much Arab nationalist thought went into drawing images of a global conspiracy that allegedly implanted Israel to assure the West’s continuing domination of the Arabs. But some intellectuals also began to suggest the existence of intrinsic weaknesses in Arab culture 32 Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival and society, arguing that these had made the task of the Zionists easier. The new champions of Arab nationalism, fiery young colonels, now promised a social revolution that would overcome these weaknesses and propel the Arab world to unity, power, and prosperity.
The Arab nationalists then compounded their error by abandoning reliance on God and his divine law, in order to become liberals, fascists, and socialists, in mimicry of foreign ideological fashion. Moreover, while they professed respect for the faith of Islam, they filled their prisons with the truly faithful, whom they accused of subversion for preaching the word of God. Who did not doubt that the rout by the Jews, and the falling of Jerusalem into Zionist hands, constituted a punishment for straying from God’s path?
But after 1967, Lebanon began to lose its balance. The Muslims, wracked by guilt, demanded that Lebanon finally take up the Arab burden of Palestine, and open its southern border to attacks against Israel. The Maronites, awed by Israel’s example, thought they could turn the state of Lebanon into something comparable: a small powerhouse, armed to the teeth, defiant of the Arab world around it. In 1975, the situation exploded in civil war, and Lebanon virtually disappeared under a checkered map of militia fiefdoms, crisscrossed by green and red lines.
Arab awakening and Islamic revival : the politics of ideas in the Middle East by Martin Kramer