By Frances Gouda
The results of a Fulbright senior learn fellowship celebrating the simultaneous fiftieth anniversaries of the Fulbright alternate beginning and the Indonesian Republic, this ebook bargains a brand new standpoint on American attitudes towards Dutch colonial rule and Indonesia’s fight for independence. Drawing on vast examine in American, Dutch, Indonesian, and Australian diplomatic files and archival files, in addition to the files of the United countries, the authors supply a brand new evaluation of the political historical past and altering intent of yank overseas regulations.
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Additional info for American visions of the Netherlands East Indies Indonesia: US foreign policy and Indonesian nationalism, 1920-1949
The intoxicating mantras Indonesia Merdeka (Indonesia Free, Indonesia Independent),Tetap Merdeka (Forever Free,Independence Forever),or Merdeka atau Mati (Freedom or Death), were written on every conceivable surface, even if the hated Japanese military police (Kenpeitai) tried to remove the grafiti and banners as quickly as possible. These high-minded slogans also incorporated Woodrow Wilson’s programmatic Fourteen Points,proposed during negotiations of theVersailles Peace treaty after World War I, which had gained new currency in the optimistic rhetoric of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s Atlantic Charter.
Marshall as Secretary of State on January 20, 1949, he articulated the State Department’s approval of the two Republican leaders’ repression of the Madiun insurgents in 35 de 3e PROEF - BOEK 29-11-2001 23:41 Pagina 36 AMERICAN VISIONS OF THE NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES/INDONESIA straightforward language. At the same time,The Hague’s intransigence in the continuing efforts to find a diplomatic solution became more and more annoying to State Department officials and to H. Merle Cochran, the third American GOC representative in Java – a discomfort that Australian diplomats, stationed in Batavia,Washington,and at the United Nations in NewYork nourished as well as they could.
A year later, when George C. 19 The European Recovery Program (ERP) – better known as the Marshall Plan – also laid the groundwork for an efficient European economic collaboration that was based on the uninhibited transportation of goods and capital across national borders, thus cultivating the evolution of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC) and eventually the European Union. 20 The anti-Marshall Plan arguments mustered by communist parties in other Western European countries were also perceived as standing in the way of economic revival and growth, while illustrating, at the same time, European communism’s servility to Moscow.
American visions of the Netherlands East Indies Indonesia: US foreign policy and Indonesian nationalism, 1920-1949 by Frances Gouda