Download PDF by Angel Adams Parham: American routes. Racial palimpsests and the transformation

By Angel Adams Parham

ISBN-10: 0190624752

ISBN-13: 9780190624750

American routes' presents a comparative and old research of the migration and integration of white and loose black refugees from 19th century St. Domingue/Haiti to Louisiana and follows the development in their descendants over the process 2 hundred years. The refugees bolstered Louisiana's tri-racial process and driven again the development of Anglo-American racialization via numerous a long time. yet over the Read more...

summary: American routes' presents a comparative and ancient research of the migration and integration of white and unfastened black refugees from 19th century St. Domingue/Haiti to Louisiana and follows the growth in their descendants over the process 2 hundred years. The refugees strengthened Louisiana's tri-racial process and driven again the development of Anglo-American racialization by way of numerous many years. yet over the process the 19th century, the ascendance of the Anglo-American racial method started to eclipse Louisiana's tri-racial Latin/Caribbean procedure. the outcome was once a racial palimpsest that reworked way of life in southern Louisiana. White refugees and their descendants in Creole Louisiana succumbed to strain to undertake a strict definition of whiteness as purity that conformed to criteria of the Anglo-American racial procedure. these of colour, even though, hung on to the good judgment of the tri-racial method which allowed them to inhabit an middleman racial workforce that supplied a buffer opposed to the worst results of Jim Crow segregation. The St. Domingue/Haiti migration case foreshadows the reports of present-day immigrants of colour from Latin- the United States and the Caribbean, lots of whom chafe opposed to the strictures of the binary U.S. racial procedure and withstand via refusing to be classified as both black or white. The St. Domingue/Haiti case research is the 1st of its type to match the long term integration reports of white and unfastened black 19th century immigrants to the U.S. during this experience, it fills an important hole in stories of race and migration that have lengthy depended on the old adventure of ecu immigrants because the general to which all different immigrants are in comparison

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Additional info for American routes. Racial palimpsests and the transformation of race

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The result was that, although there were significant populations of free people of color—​many of them mixed race—​in the United States, their presence was not as widespread as it was in Latin America and the Caribbean. The lower prevalence of miscegenation resulted not only in fewer persons of mixed race but in fewer free persons of mixed race, thus strengthening the association between blackness/​enslavement on one side and whiteness/​freedom on the other. Another factor that played a significant role in the number and status of free people of color in American societies was the differential impact of varied European legal regimes.

Domingue refugees of color across the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. We focus on the experience of refugees and their descendants who were free people of color. Like their white counterparts, members of this group also integrated into Louisiana’s already existing Creole community. Their French-​speaking, Catholic background and free status contrasted greatly with that of Anglo-​ blacks who were English speaking, Protestant, and more likely to be enslaved.  E. 24 We examine this group’s struggle across the nineteenth century to position themselves with respect to Anglo–​African Americans.

From here, we consider the analytic contributions of the racial palimpsest concept for scholars who are studying the integration of immigrants of color and attempting to understand how they and their descendants are likely to fare over the next several decades. As we reflect on the different experiences of white and black St. Domingue/​Haiti descendants and consider the ways current immigrants’ 18 ( 18 ) American Routes experiences mirror them, the discussion reaffirms the importance of resuscitating alternative historiographies of people of color and of moving away from reliance on analytical tools originally developed to make sense of the situation of European immigrants.

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American routes. Racial palimpsests and the transformation of race by Angel Adams Parham


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