By Götz Schroth, Gustavo A. B. da Fonseca, Celia A. Harvey, Claude Gascon, Heraldo L. Vasconcelos, Anne-Marie N. Izac
Agroforestry will be the main biodiversity-friendly land use choice. This quantity examines the possibility of agroforestry in tropical areas for making land economically efficient with out degrading the surroundings.
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Extra resources for Agroforestry and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Landscapes
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Lindesay. 1996. Horizontal and vertical transport of air over southern Africa. Journal of Geophysical Research 101:23721–23736. , W. F. Laurance, and T. E. Lovejoy. 2003. Forest fragmentation and biodiversity in central Amazonia. In G. A. Bradshaw and P. A. ), How landscapes change. Ecological Studies 162. Berlin: Springer. , T. E. Lovejoy, R. O. Bierregaard, J. R. Malcolm, P. C. Stouffer, H. Vasconcelos, W. F. Laurance, B. Zimmerman, M. Tocher, and S. Borges. 1998. Matrix habitat and species persistence in tropical forest remnants.
Second, small, isolated populations are also vulnerable to inbreeding and genetic drift. Inbreeding occurs because individuals are forced to breed with close relatives, lowering genetic heterozygosity and often reducing fecundity and offspring viability (Ralls et al. 1986). ) As a result, inbred populations may grow more slowly and be increasingly prone to random demographic events (Mills and Smouse 1994). Genetic drift (the random loss of alleles) is also amplified in small populations, and the resulting loss of genetic variability may reduce a population’s resistance to new diseases or environmental challenges (Nei et al.
Agroforestry and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Landscapes by Götz Schroth, Gustavo A. B. da Fonseca, Celia A. Harvey, Claude Gascon, Heraldo L. Vasconcelos, Anne-Marie N. Izac