Get A Brief History of the Netherlands (Brief History) PDF

By Paul F State

ISBN-10: 0816071071

ISBN-13: 9780816071074

ISBN-10: 143810832X

ISBN-13: 9781438108322

Regardless of the country's small measurement, the Netherlands has performed a comparatively huge half within the background of trade, govt, artwork, and faith, and it has left an indelible imprint on the entire world's continents. this article presents a basic review of the historical past of the rustic from precedent days onwards.

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Extra resources for A Brief History of the Netherlands (Brief History)

Example text

They built castles, levied taxes, minted coins, raised armies, and granted land, in return for homage from lesser lords and knights. Castles and fortified manor houses appeared where groups of scattered farmsteads would tend to cluster 14 FROM EARLY SETTLEMENTS TO FRANKISH RULE around the parish church, forming the nucleus of future villages. A welter of lordships and counties competed for the additional titles that brought with them the land on which wealth resided. In no case, however, did rulers acquire the power to appoint high clerics.

Writings in these idioms, such as the ninth-century Wachtendonk Psalms, are considered protoworks of both Dutch and German. The emergence of Dutch as a vehicle of literary expression began in the 10th century. The earliest examples of Dutch literature in the Netherlands appeared, as in the rest of western Europe, in the form of courtly romance poems, chivalric epics, and fables, penned largely for aristocratic and religious readers. They include, notably, the poems and epics of the 12th30 POLITICAL STRIFE AND THE RISE OF URBAN LIFE century poet Henric van Veldeke, the first writer in the Dutch language whose name is known.

The military frontier collapsed and with it the provincial government, many of whose elites, including Romano-Gaullish landowners, lived as absentee lords in Italy, far from the troublesome borders. By the middle of the fifth century, the Franks, a confederation of west Germanic tribes, held predominant power in the Roman lowlands, their leader Childeric I (c. 436–81) securing imperial recognition as head of the provincial government. The Frisians remained firmly ensconced in the swamps and on the terpen along the northern coast and even moved into parts of the Rhine delta region yielded to them in wars with the Franks.

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A Brief History of the Netherlands (Brief History) by Paul F State


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