By Hasia Diner, Gennady Estraikh
The 12 months 1929 represents a tremendous turning element in interwar Jewish society, proving to be a yr while Jews, despite the place they lived, observed themselves tormented by advancements that came about around the globe, because the crises continued via different Jews turned a part of the transnational Jewish awareness. within the usa, the inventory industry crash introduced lasting monetary, social, and ideological alterations to the Jewish group and restricted its skill to aid humanitarian and nationalist tasks in different international locations. In Palestine, the anti-Jewish riots in Hebron and different cities underscored the vulnerability of the Zionist company and ignited heated discussions between numerous Jewish political teams concerning the knowledge of creating a Jewish country on its ancient web site. even as, within the Soviet Union, the consolidation of energy within the palms of Stalin created a way more dogmatic weather within the overseas Communist stream, together with its Jewish branches. Featuring a glowing array of students of Jewish background, 1929 surveys the Jewish international in a single 12 months providing transparent examples of the transnational connections which associated Jews to every other—from politics, international relations, and philanthropy to literature, tradition, and the destiny of Yiddish—regardless of the place they lived. Taken jointly, the essays in 1929 argue that, even if American, Soviet, German, Polish, or Palestinian, Jews during the international lived in a world context. Hasia Diner is Paul S. and Sylvia Steinberg Professor of yankee Jewish heritage, Skirball division of Hebrew and Judaic reviews at long island collage. She is the writer of the award-winning We take note with Reverence and Love: American Jews and the parable of Silence after the Holocaust, 1945-1962 (NYU Press, 2009). Gennady Estraikh is affiliate Professor of Yiddish experiences, Skirball division of Hebrew and Judaic experiences at big apple University. In the Goldstein-Goren sequence in American Jewish History
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Extra resources for 1929: Mapping the Jewish World (The Goldstein-Goren Series in American Jewish History)
Indeed, some of Reich, Marshall, and Wolf ’s ideological associates objected strenuously to the internationalist project precisely because of such conflicts of principle. In response, the three had asserted, each to his own constituency, that ideological considerations had to give way to pragmatic ones in light of actual conditions faced by Jews in the wake of the First World War. Zionists needed to understand, as Reich explained in September 1919, that Jews were not about to gain a majority of Palestine’s population and establish a Jewish state in the country at any time in the foreseeable future.
As a result of this turn in Soviet politics toward Jews, only Birobidzhan-based Jews would be regarded (at least, theoretically) as a national community, whereas Jews 50 << Gennady Estraikh in all other parts of the country were treated as people with very limited Jewish cultural and educational interests. This approach remained the pivot on which the Soviet Jewish life had to turn during the following six decades. Notes 1. , Tamar Bermann, Produktivierungsmythen und Antisemitismus: Eine soziologische Studie (Vienna: Europa Verlag, 1973).
As Peretz Markish put it in a 1927 letter to a Warsaw-based fellow writer, “The bit of Yiddishkayt that we have depends entirely on backwardness. 24 It was presented as a poetic travelogue about the author’s trip to his home shtetl of Shpola, where 5,000 Jews made up 95 percent of the local population. )26 Fefer, who knew how to trim his sails to the prevailing winds, hailed the Soviet transformation of shtetl. He noticed many signs of change in his shtetl: Young Pioneers and members of the Komsomol, a club for workers of the clothing industry, new houses, and a tannery that provided jobs for local workers.
1929: Mapping the Jewish World (The Goldstein-Goren Series in American Jewish History) by Hasia Diner, Gennady Estraikh